Makharij Al-Huroof

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Makhrij (The Articulation point of letters)

Part one:

1- meaning of Makhraj in tajweed

2- Makhraj Al-Jawf

3- Makhraj Al-Halq

4-Makhraj-Al-Lisaan (Aqsal Al-lisaan- Wasat Al-lisaan)

 

1- meaning of Makhraj in tajweed

Makharij means the place of emitting the letter during pronouncing. There are five major areas that have within them the different articulation points, which are a total of 17. The five main Makharij are:Al-Jawf, Al-Halq, Al-Lisaan, Ash-Shafataan, and Al-Khayshoom.

2- Makhraj Al-Jawf

Al-Jawf is the empty space in the mouth and throat. There are three letters which are emitted from Al-Jawf and they called Huroof Al-Maddeeyah, as the following:

Alif ( ا ) preceded by a fat-ha

Yaa ( ي ) preceded by a kasrah

Waaw ( و ) preceded by a dammah

This is illustrated in the following diagram:

https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/makhraj-for-the-three-madd-letters.jpg?w=809

3- Makhraj Al-Halq

Al-Halq means the throat which has three articulation points for six different letters.These three makharij are:

1- The deepest part of the throat- Aqsal-halq :Haa’ ( هـ ),

Hamzah ( ء )

2- The middle of the throat- Wasat Al-halq : Haa’ ( ح ),

‘Ayn ( ع )

3- The closest part of the throat- Adnal-halq: Khaa’ ( خ ),

Gyan ( غ )

This is illustrated in the following diagram:

https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-al-halq.png?w=809

4- Makhraj Al-Lisaan(Aqsal Al-lisaan- Wasat Al-lisaan)

1-The deepest part of the tongue (from the upper palate)Aqsal-lisaan: Qaaf ( ق ),Kaaf ( ك )

2- The middle of the tongue (from the hard palate)Wasat Al-lisaan.: Jeem ( ج ),

Sheen ( ش ), Consonant yaa ( ي )

This is illustrated in the following diagram:

https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-for-yaa-sheen-and-jeem.png?w=809

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Part two:

1-Makhraj-Al-Lisaan (Hafaat Al-Lisaan- Tarful Al-lisaan)

2- Makhraj Ash-Shafataan

3- Makhraj Al-khayshoom

1-Makhraj-Al-Lisaan (Hafaat Al-Lisaan- Tarful Al-lisaan)

1- The edge of the tongueHaafat Al-lisaan:

-Daad (ض ) -Laam ( ل )

-The Makhraj of the ل is pronounced from the tip of tongue touching the gums premolars from one side to the premolars of the other side of the top of the mouth.

-The Makhraj of ض is pronounced with the sides of the tongue touching the gums close to the upper molars.

This is illustrated in the following diagram:

https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-for-daad.png?w=809 https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-for-laam.png?w=809

 

2- The tip of the tongue- Tarful-lisaan:

-Noon ( ن ) -Raa’ ( ر )

• The makhraj of the ن is the tip of the tongue, slightly behind the ل hitting the palate.

• The makhraj of the ر is the tip of the tongue, slightly behind the ن touching the palate.

This is illustrated in the following diagram:

https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-for-raa.png?w=809 https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-for-the-noon.png?w=809

Be attentive:

Between the upper tip and hard palate, directly behind the two front incisors, the following letters are produced:

-Taa’ ( ط ) -Taa’ ( ت ) -Daal ( د )

– The makhraj of ت د ط is the front tip of the tongue touching the gum line of the top front two teeth.

This is illustrated in the following diagram:

https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-for-taa-daal-taa.png?w=809

-Between the top and bottom teeth is an open area (hissing sound) With the tip of the tongue, the following letters are produced:

-Saad ( ص ) -Seen (س) -Zay ( ز)

-The makhraj of ص س ز is with the font tip of the tongue touching the back of the bottom front two teeth.

This is illustrated in the following diagram:

https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-for-saad-zay-seen.png

-Between the very tip of the tongue and the bottom edge of the two front teeth, the following letters are produced:

-Thaa’ ( ث ) -Dhaal ( ذ ) -Dhaa’ ( ظ )

-The makhraj of ث ظ ذ is pronounced from the front tip of the tongue touching the tip of the top front two teeth.

This is illustrated in the following diagram:

https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-for-thaal-thaa-and-thaa1.png?w=809

2- Makhraj Ash-Shafataan

Ash-Shafataan: the lips are the makhraj for four letters. they are as follows:

-Baa’ ( ب ) -Meem ( م) -Consonant waaw ( و ) -Faa’ ( ف )

This is illustrated in the following diagram:

 

https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-for-baa-waaw-meem.png?w=809 https://heesbees.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/makhraj-for-faa1.png?w=809

3- Makhraj Al-khayshoom

It is the place where ghunnah comes from the nose (the nasal passage). Ghunnah is a characteristic of noon and meem that is especially prevalent when they have a shaddah on them.

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